Laser tattoo removal is an increasingly common procedure designed to completely remove or significantly reduce the visibility of an unwanted tattoo. The final effect of tattoo removal depends on many factors that apply to the tattoo itself as well as the properties of the laser used. Most lasers enable to remove darker pigments, however, it may be problematic to remove red, pink, purple or yellow dyes. Neodymium-yag lasers used in tattoo removal emit a beam of light at a wavelength of 1064 nm. Dark pigments absorb the laser light. Only the Alma Harmony XL pro Q Switch additionally emits a beam of 532 nm, which allows extending the treatment also to bright pigments.
A very important element determining the effectiveness of the tattoo removal treatment is the experience of a specialist performing the procedure. Optimal matching of the pulse power also affects the safety of the procedure. Too much laser power can lead to skin burns and permanent scars, while not efficient power causes low effectiveness of the treatment, prolonged duration of the therapy and increase the cost of series of treatments. It is also important that the person performing the laser tattoo removal procedure should not give in to the pressure of time and shorten the time between each treatment. An extremely important element is to conduct an accurate health interview with the patient, which minimizes the risk of serious complications.
When deciding to remove the tattoo, attention should be paid to the reputation of the aesthetic medicine department in which the procedure will be performed. Qualified staff and type of laser used influence the final effect of the treatment. Q Switch Harmony Laser stands out from other QSwitch lasers with higher energy and shorter pulse duration, which allows optimal increase of the efficiency of treatments while maintaining safety.
There is a lot of doubt about the painfulness of the procedure and the post-operative procedure. It cannot be concealed that the laser tattoo removal causes pain – using an anaesthetic cream can reduce it. Immediately after the treatment, the area exposed to the laser becomes white, and then shows redness and swelling. During this period, the skin should be kept clean, no cosmetics should be applied and it is recommended to wash the skin with soap and water. The wound should be protected with sterile gauze. When you get a scab, you still need to take care of the hygiene of the tattoo; skin oiling is necessary as well. It is recommended to avoid sunbathing and sauna.