Skin discolouration is one of the most common aesthetic defects that can affect people of all ages, although the frequency of its formation increases with age. Skin discolouration may vary in size, shape and colour, and its most common location is the face, hands and cleavage.
Discolouration – how it arises?
Skin discolouration is the consequence of excessive accumulation of melanin, which is a physiological skin pigment. Melanin provides a characteristic shade to the skin and protects it from the harmful effects of UV radiation. Discolouration occurs when melanocytes (melanin producing cells) do not work properly. Depending on the depth of the discolouration changes, they are divided into epidermal discolourations (more shallow) and skin discolourations (localized within the dermis). The most common discolouration arises in those areas of the skin that are most exposed to sunlight. Such discolouration on the face, hands or neckline is a serious aesthetic problem, because it is perfectly visible and difficult to cover up. Skin discolouration usually takes the form of:
– post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation
– acne hyperpigmentation
Discolouration of the face
Discolouration on the face is mainly caused by excessive exposure to the sun. UV radiation fosters excessive activation of melanocytes and local accumulation of skin pigment. The emergence of sunlit discolourations on the face and hands is also fostered by photosensitizing compounds contained in medicines, perfumes, and cosmetics. There is frequent skin discolouration during pregnancy, in the course of menopause and also during the use of oral hormonal contraception. Then, the cause of skin discolouration is hormonal disorders.
With age, so-called lentigines (age spots, hepatic spots) develop, which arise due to the cumulative effect of these factors.
Discolouration after acne is a specific type of skin discolouration, resulting from inflammation, most often associated with scratching acne lesions. As a consequence, melanin is overproduced and discolouration of the pink-brown colour appears, which are often accompanied by acne scars. Post-acne discolouration can give way spontaneously, but it takes many months. Such post-inflammatory skin discolouration may also occur in places of skin burns, and also after the skin lesions have gone down in the course of smallpox or other viral infections.
Below treatments for: Skin discolouration
All treatments are preceded by a medical or cosmetological consultation in order to select the appropriate treatment.
Photo rejuvenation is the most popular anti-age treatment due to the short convalescence period, a small number of contraindications and spectacular effects. We are able to turn back time and restore a young and radiant look to our skin thanks to the capabilities of modern lasers. Photo rejuvenation treatment is recommended for all those who have observed signs of skin aging. Light during treatment reaches deep into the skin shortening collagen fibers and stimulating fibroblasts, and cells become active and our skin begins to rebuild itself thanks to this. Thanks to photo rejuvenation, we not only sooth out small wrinkles, but get rid of sun discolorations, freckles, dilated capillaries, erythema and narrow skin pores. Photo rejuvenation treatment is most effective when we perform it in a series of 4-6 treatment sessions, depending on the needs of the skin.
A cosmetic treatment with the use of chemical peels is an advanced care for the skin affected by various problems. Such medical peeling work much more effectively than peeling from drugstores. The high efficiency of chemical peeling results from the development of a formula based on natural acids in high concentrations. Facial acids, however, require skillful use and this type of care should be performed only in a professional cosmetology surgery. We use medical peeling of the highest quality in our clinic using the formulations of the well-known Sesderma world brand which is one of the most prestigious cosmetic brands offering chemical peeling created using nanotechnology procedures. The active particles of the formulations reach microscopic sizes of several dozen nanometers due to this. How does this translate into the effects of using Sesderma peeling? Nano formulations are distinguished by the high concentration of active compounds, as well as excellent penetration into the skin. It is possible to compose an individual therapy perfectly suited to the current skin needs as a result of the wide range of chemical peeling, and all you need is a consultation with our expert who will accurately diagnose skin problems and reduce them by using appropriate medical peeling.
Microdermabrasion is one of the most popular treatments for exfoliating epidermis. It is a cosmetic procedure based on mechanical, non-invasive exfoliation of dead epidermal cells. Therefore, this treatment will be perfect for people whose aim is to refresh the skin and deeply smooth it. The exfoliation treatment can be performed using various abrasive materials. Diamond heads are used in diamond microdermabrasion, which differ in the diameter of the diamond grains, and thus the degree of abrasiveness of the upper layers of the epidermis. Corundum microdermabrasion, however, uses micronized corundum crystals that are ejected at high pressure towards the skin surface. This results in the “sanding” effect of the skin, and the used corundum and exfoliated skin are sucked in by a special nozzle. Microdermabrasion provides a stronger exfoliating effect; therefore, it is dedicated to a less sensitive skin with greater resistance to mechanical factors
Enlarged blood vessels or discolorations on the face of the neck and neckline is a big aesthetic problem for many of us. Why is it worth choosing laser blood vessel removal and laser removal of discoloration? The answer is very simple: the innovative technology of the Alma Harmony XL Pro Dye-VL platform will cope with two problems at once, and will also firm and brighten our skin. There is no other equally effective method that can cope with these defects at the same time, and also minimize the recovery period. Of course, during the treatment, the appropriate parameters for the given change are selected (one for capillaries, another for discoloration), while the experienced specialist is able to combine 2-in-1 during one procedure, yielding great results.