Head hair grows according to the physiological cycle. This cycle consists of three phases – anagen, catagen and telogen. Anagen is a growth phase that lasts about 2 to 6 years; at this time, the average rate of hair extension is 1 cm per month. After the growth phase, there is a transitory phase, called catagen. Catagen lasts about two weeks and then the hair stops growing. The last phase, called telogen, lasts from 2 to 6 months and boils down to the loss of an old hair and the creation of a new hair in its place.
This cycle does not synchronize all hairs, which results in gradual and balanced hair exchange. About 90% of hair is in the growth phase, and only 10% – in the phase of falling out. Around 100 hairs fall out each day. When more hair falls out for a long time – the hairstyle is thinning and we talk about excessive hair loss or even baldness.
Telogen effluvium – a common cause of hair loss
Telogen effluvium is an excessive hair loss resulting from the transition to the resting phase of most hair on the head. The elongation of the telogen phase can be one-off as well as long-lasting and can be generated by various factors. The most important causes of telogen effluvium are:
– hormonal disorders accompanying menopause, pregnancy and postpartum period, hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism
– heavy metal poisoning
– infectious diseases
– injuries and operations
– food shortages (mainly iron and zinc)
– long-term use of certain drugs (hormonal contraception, heparin, retinoids, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs)
Sometimes it is difficult to determine the cause of telogen effluvium, because hair loss occurs after about three months of activation of the causative agent. Telogen effluvium in men and women is manifested in a similar way: hair thins over the entire surface of the scalp. This type of baldness is reversible – after the effect of the causative agent has subsided, hair should grow within 6 – 12 months.
Androgenetic alopecia is a common cause of hair loss in men, but also in women. When does androgenetic alopecia appear? The causes are an excess of male sex hormones, or androgens, that affect the hair follicles, leading to their miniaturization and hair loss. Androgenetic alopecia in men is associated with genetic predispositions, leading to increased sensitivity of the hair follicles to DHT, or dihydrotestosterone. That is why baldness occurs in the family, moreover, it appears quite early – even around 17-18 years of age. In turn, androgenetic alopecia in women results from hormonal disorders accompanying pregnancy, menopause, polycystic ovary syndrome. There is a disturbance of the proportion between female and male sex hormones.
How to recognize androgenetic alopecia? In men, the hairline starts to recede characteristically- hair starts falling out in the frontal and parietal parts. In turn, women notice hair thinning on the top of the head, with intact hair on the frontal line. Often, androgenetic alopecia in women is accompanied by hirsutism, i.e. excessive body hair, as well as acne and overweight.
Alopecia areata are excessive hair loss of non-inflammatory nature. Autoimmune processes are at the root of autoimmune hair loss when the body synthesizes antibodies that destroy the hair follicles. Alopecia areata may also be caused by chronic stress. Alopecia areata have a very characteristic course – hair loss occurs focal on oval areas with a diameter of 5 – 10 cm. Around the outbreaks of baldness, so-called exclamation hair appear, which are broken hair with a thicker diameter. This type of alopecia occurs in children and adults; most often the hair grows back spontaneously after a few months.
Below treatments for: Hair loss
All treatments are preceded by a medical or cosmetological consultation in order to select the appropriate treatment.
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Carbosyntherapy is a procedure of aesthetic medicine using carbon dioxide and is a universal treatment which can be used on the face and body. Carbon dioxide is inserted under the skin with a thin needle, which aims to improve blood microcirculation, nutrition of tissues, reduction of adipose tissue and firming of the skin.
Vampire facelift, a procedure with the use of platelet rich plasma is one of the most effective and the most natural rejuvenating treatments, recognized for it’s high safety. The use of platelet-rich plasma allows stimulation of natural regenerative processes and comprehensive biostimulation of skin cells. The use of platelet-rich plasma obtained from a patient’s blood sample allows obtaining a safe and very effective preparation, used without fear of allergic reaction. Vampire lifting is therefore an excellent treatment for people with allergies who cannot undergo rejuvenating treatments using synthetic preparations. In addition to full biocompatibility, platelet-rich plasma is recognized for its great effectiveness. After blood centrifugation, a blood-derived preparation rich in platelets, growth factors and unique proteins – fibrin, fibronectin and vitronectin – can be obtained. This composition of ingredients makes the platelet-rich plasma material perfectly stimulating the work of fibroblasts, which translates into advanced skin regeneration. The treatment with platelet-rich plasma stimulates collagen synthesis, stimulates the multiplication and growth of epidermal cells, as well as microcirculation of the blood, improving skin oxygenation.
Needle mesotherapy is a non-surgical procedure for the skin regeneration and rejuvenation. The essence of the treatment is the intradermal introduction of active compounds – in this way the epidermal barrier is overcome, through which many compounds applied on the surface of the skin do not penetrate. In addition, the puncture itself is an impulse for the skin to remodel itself by increasing the synthesis of collagen fibers and improving blood microcirculation. Undoubtedly, another advantage of needle mesotherapy is the application of therapy exactly in those areas of the skin that require revitalization.