Cellulite (lipodystrophy) is a disorder with a multifactorial etiology. Cellulite affects 80% of women around the world. The most obvious predisposing factor is gender – women, due to the characteristic structure of fat and connective tissue are more exposed than men. Cellulitis is perceived only as an aesthetic problem, when in reality it is also a health problem, leading, among others, to disorders of blood microcirculation.
Cellulite should not be equated only with overweight. Of course – cellulite is a very common condition associated with excessive accumulation of fat – the most common location stomach cellulite and thighs cellulite. But also slim women notice characteristic subcutaneous changes on the body. There are two types of cellulite:
- water cellulite– frequent in women who are slim, physically active and prone to edema; manifests itself in the accumulation of water in tissues and edema; it includes ankles, knees and calves; it is noticeable when squeezing the skin, it is additionally accompanied by dryness and roughness of the skin
- fat cellulite– is an expression of circulatory disorders and abnormal lipid metabolism; changes include significant areas of deep layers of subcutaneous tissue, and the location of fat cellulite is primarily the abdomen, thighs and buttocks; these are the places where women have physiological accumulation of adipose tissue.
Actually every woman is exposed to the development of cellulite; what’s more – men can have it too. The causes of cellulite development are very diverse.
How is water cellulite or fat cellulite formed? The excessive amount of adipose tissue is of great importance in the development of the orange-peel skin, although thin people also suffer from it. The development of cellulite is also influenced by hormonal disorders, and more strictly by estrogen. Hence, women with puberty and those taking oral contraceptives are more at risk. A sedentary lifestyle is another very unfavourable factor – the lack of physical activity inhibits the operation of the so-called muscle pump, which improves circulation and prevents edema. Blood circulation disorders and swellings are also conducive to wearing narrow clothing and high heels. A diet rich in salt, caffeine, stimulants, animal fats and simple carbohydrates promotes the development of lipodystrophy. And, of course, stress – cortisol, which is secreted in a stressful situation, reduces the elasticity of the skin. Therefore, our lifestyle and general health are of key importance